LocationUkraine is a state in Eastern Europe, bounded on the north by Belarus, on the northeast by the Russian Federation, on the west by Poland and Slovakia, and on the south-west by Hungary, Romania, and Moldova. Ukraine is the biggest country in Europe (after Russia). It is divided into 24 regions (oblasts) and an Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The country has an access to the Black Sea and the Azov Sea and two mountainsides: Carpathians in the West and the Crimean Mountains in the South.
Total area: 603,700 sq.km Population: about 50 million people.
Political SystemA nationally elected presidency was instituted on December 1, 1991. Ukrainian citizens elect the president for a five-year term. The head of the state appoints the prime minister and the cabinet, which Verkhovna Rada has to approve. People's deputies (members of Verkhovna Rada) are elected for a four-year term in multicandidate elections.
CapitalKyiv, the capital of Ukraine (also known as Kiev), was founded by the three brothers Kyi, Schek and Khoryv, and their sister Lybid more than 1500 years ago in 482 A.D. Kyiv is one of the biggest cities in Europe with the population of about 2.6 million. It is located on the banks of the Dnipro river that flows into the Black Sea. Kyiv Coat of Arms depicts the statue of Archangel Mikhail who is considered the protector of the city.
ReligionMostly Christians (Orthodox, Greco-Catholic, Roman Catholic, Protestant), Judaism, Muslims.
ClimateMainly moderate continental (subtropical climate prevails in the South of Ukraine - Crimea).
TimeThe time in Ukraine is set two hours ahead of the Universal time in Greenwich (GMT +02:00). It is altered twice a year (the watches are set one hour forward in the last week of March and one hour backward in the last week of October).
Telephone CallsTo make a call from Ukraine abroad it is necessary to dial 8-10-code of the country - code of the city etc.
MoneyNational Currency - Hryvnia (UAH). There are bills for 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 Hryvnias. 1 Hryvnia = 100 kopiykas. There are coins for 1, 2, 5, 10, 25 and 50 kopiykas. Personal checks practically do not exist in Ukraine, but many places in Kyiv accept major credit cards. Travellers' cheques can be cashed in a number of banks. However, do nay rely solely on credit cards or travellers' cheques. Cash is preferred.
Official State LanguageUkrainian.
Composed of two equal horizontal bands of azure and golden yellow colours.
Independence DayAugust, 24.
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